Biodegradable packaging for liquids

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Objective

To create a Technology landscape report on "Biodegradable Packaging for Liquids"

Comment: The idea is to find out the innovative market players in this technology area, those are the players that are the most technologically advanced in the market place. Intellectual Property that these players hold is taken as a measure of their technological prowess in this particular area. We have used Patents and Scientific articles to point out the innovative and technologically advanced market players.

Search methodology

Search strategy 1. Various class codes and keywords were retrieved for conducting the search related to Biodegradable Packaging from relevant patents, thesaurus and patent databases and scientific articles.
2. The database used for patent search is Thomson innovation. (Refer section 6)
Keywords biodegradable, bio-disintegratable, biopolymer, bioplastic,PLA, PHA, PHB, PHBV, etc.

Background

The environmental and sustainability issues, the increasing cost of solid waste disposal, dioxin emission from waste incineration have made synthetic polymers unattractive. This has led to the development and production of biodegradable polymers. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are the intracellular inclusion in some bacteria. The property of PHA range from stiff, brittle to rubber-like and is a suitable alternative for the synthetic plastic.

File:The general structure of po1lyhydroxyalkanoates.png
The general structure of polyhydroxyalkanoates
  • n=1 R=hydrogen poly(-3-hydroxypropionate)
  • methyl poly(-3-hydroxybutyrate)
  • ethyl poly(3-horoxyvalerate)
  • propyl poly(-3-hydroxyhexanoate)
  • pentyl poly (-3-hydroxyoctanoate)
  • nonyl poly (-3-hydroxydodecanoate)
  • n=2 R=hydrogen poly (-4-hydroxybutyrate)
  • n=3 R=hydrogen poly (-5-hydroxyvalerate) (https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/bitstream/1807/3487/1/jb04003.pdf.


File:Lactic acid polymerization to PLA.png
Lactic acid polymerization to PLA


Polylactic acid (PLA) is another biopolymer with environmental benefit. Polylactic acid (PLA) is a rigid thermoplastic polymer and can be semicrystalline or amorphous. The backbone of PLA is L(_)-lactic acid (2-hydroxy propionic acid) which is a natural and most common form of the acid. D(_)-lactic acid can also be produced by microorganisms or through racemization. (http://www.jimluntllc.com/pdfs/polylactic_acid_technology.pdf)








Concept Table

English Keywords French keywords German Keywords
Concept 1 Concept 2 Concept 3 Concept 4 Concept 1 Concept 2 Concept 3 Concept 4 Concept 1 Concept 2 Concept 3 Concept 4
biodegradable package water vapor barrier biodégradables forfait la vapeur d’eau barrière biologisch abbaubar Paket Wasserdampf Barrier
biodegradation packaging Water vapour resistant biodégradation emballage La vapeur deau résistants Biodegradation Verpackung Wasserdampf resistent
biodegrading packages Moisture impervious biodégradation paquets humidité imperméable biologischen Abbau Pakete Feuchtigkeit undurchlässig
biodegrade film liquid repellant biodégrader cinéma liquides répulsif biologisch abbaubar Film Flüssigkeit repellant
biodegraded films water water-resistant biodégradés films de l’eau étanche biologisch abgebaut Filme Wasser wasserdicht
bio-degradable sheet bio-dégradables fiche biologisch abbaubar Blatt
bio-degradation sheets bio-dégradation feuilles bio-Abbau Blätter
bio-degrading bag bio-dégrader sac Bio-abbauenden Tasche
bio-degrade bags bio-dégrader les des sacs bio-Abbau Taschen
bio-degraded sachet bio-dégradés sachet Bio-degradierten Beutel
degradable sachets dégradables sachets abbaubar Sachets
degradation pouch la dégradation poche Degradierung Beutel
degrading pouches dégradants sachets erniedrigend Beutel
degrade flexible package dégrader flexibles forfait degradieren flexible Paket
degraded flexible packaging dégradées flexibles emballage abgebaut flexible Verpackungen
biodisintegrate flexible packages biodisintegrate flexibles paquets biodisintegrate flexible Pakete
biodisintegrating laminates biodisintegrating stratifiés biodisintegrating Laminate
biodisintegration laminate biodisintegration stratifié biodisintegration Schichtstoff
biodisintegratable receptacle biodisintegratable réceptacle biodisintegratable Behälter
biodisintegrated receptacles biodisintegrated réceptacles biodisintegrated Behälter
resorb wrap résorbent emballer resorbieren wickeln
resorbtion wraps résorption enveloppements Resorption Wraps
resorbable carton résorbable carton resorbierbaren Karton
resorbabed cartons resorbabed cartons resorbabed Kartons
resorbing container résorbant conteneurs resorbierenden Container
bio polymer containers bio polymères conteneurs bio Polymer Container
bio polymers containment bio polymères confinement bio Polymere Containment
bio based bio base bio Basis
bio plastic bio en plastique bio Kunststoff
bio composite bio composites bio Composite
bio nanocomposite bio nanocomposites bio Nanokomposit
compost compost Kompost
environmentally friendly écologique umweltfreundlich
bioresorb bioresorb Bioresorb
bioresorbtion bioresorbtion bioresorbtion
bioresorbable biorésorbables bioresorbierbare
bioresorbabed bioresorbabed bioresorbabed
bioresorbing bioresorbing bioresorbierbare
plant-based à base de plantes auf pflanzlicher Basis
natural polymer polymère naturel natürliches Polymer
biologically degradable biologiquement dégradable biologisch abbaubar
biologically degradation biologiquement la dégradation biologisch Abbau
biologically degrading biologiquement dégradants biologisch abbauenden
biologically degrade décomposent biologiquement biologisch abbauen
biologically degraded biologiquement dégradés biologisch abgebaut
Biobased Biobased Nachwachsende
agro-polymer agro-polymère Agrar-und Polymer-
bioplastic bioplastique Biokunststoff
bionanocomposite bionanocomposite bionanocomposite
renewable renouvelables erneuerbaren
Perishable périssables verderblich
bio degradable bio dégradable bio abbaubar
bio degradation bio la dégradation bio Abbau
bio degrading bio dégradants bio erniedrigender
bio degrade bio dégradent bio abbauen
bio degraded polylactique bio abgebaut
bio disintegrate polylactide bio zerfallen
bio disintegrating PLA bio zerfallenden
bio disintegration PLLA bio Zerfall
bio disintegratable BOPLA bio zerfallsfähig
bio disintegrated polyhydroxyalcanoate bio aufgelöst
bio resorb polyhydroxybutyrate bio resorbieren
bio resorbtion PHA bio Resorption
bio resorbable PHB bio resorbierbaren
bio resorbabed PHBV bio resorbabed
bio resorbing biodegradables polymere bio resorbierenden
biopolymers biodegradables polymeres Biopolymere
biopolymer Biopolymer
renewable Polylactid
Perishable PLA
polylactic PLLA
polylactide BOPLA
PLA Polyhydroxyalkanoate
PLLA Polyhydroxybutyrat
BOPLA PHA
polyhydroxy alkanoate PHB
polyhydroxy butyrate PHBV
PHA biologisch abbaubaren Polymer
PHB
PHBV
biodegradable polymer

Search strategy

Patents

Thomson innovation

  • Time line: 1836 to September 21st, 2011
  • Databases: US Grant, GB App, US App, FR App, WO App, DE Util, EP Grant, DE Grant, EP App, DE App, JP Util, JP Grant, JP App, CN Util, CN App, KR Util , KR Grant, KR App, DWPI
S.No Concept Scope Search string No.of hits
English keyword search
1 Biodegradable KW CTAB (biodegrad*6 or bio-degrad*6 or (bio adj2 (degrad*6 or disintegrat*5 or polymer*1 or based or resorb*5 or plastic*1 or composite*1 or nanocomposite*1)) or compost*5 or (environmentally adj2 friendly) or biodisintegrat*5 or bioresorb*5 or biopolymer*1 or plant-based or ((natural or microbial) near3 polymer*1) or (biologically adj2 degrad*4)or biobased or agro-polymer*1 or bioplastic*1 or bionanocomposite*1 or renewable or perishable or polylactic or polylactide or "PLA" or "PLLA" or "BOPLA" or (poly adj2 (lactic or lactide)) or ((polyhydroxy or (poly adj2 hydroxy)) adj2 (alkanoate or butyrate)) or Polyhydroxyalkanoate or Polyhydroxybutyrate or "PHA" or "PHB" or "PHBV" or (biodegradable adj2 polymer*2)) 246507 hits
2 Biodegradable KW Full text (biodegrad*6 or bio-degrad*6 or (bio adj2 (degrad*6 or disintegrat*5 or polymer*1 or based or resorb*5 or plastic*1 or composite*1 or nanocomposite*1)) or compost*5 or degrad*6 or (environmentally adj2 friendly) or biodisintegrat*5 or bioresorb*5 or biopolymer*1 or plant-based or ((natural or microbial) near3 polymer*1) or (biologically adj2 degrad*4)or biobased or agro-polymer*1 or bioplastic*1 or bionanocomposite*1 or renewable or perishable or polylactic or polylactide or "PLA" or "PLLA" or "BOPLA" or (poly adj2 (lactic or lactide)) or ((polyhydroxy or (poly adj2 hydroxy)) adj2 (alkanoate or butyrate)) or Polyhydroxyalkanoate or Polyhydroxybutyrate or "PHA" or "PHB" or "PHBV" or (biodegradable adj2 polymer*2)) 831903 hits
3 Packaging KW CTAB packag*3 or film*1 or sheet*1 or bag*1 or sachet*1 or pouch*2 or (flexible adj2 packag*3) or laminate*1 or receptacle*1 or wrap*1 or carton*1 or container*1 or bottle*1 or containment 7237213 hits
4 Biodegradable Packaging KW CTAB (biodegrad*6 or bio-degrad*6 or (bio adj2 (degrad*6 or disintegrat*5 or polymer*1 or based or resorb*5 or plastic*1 or composite*1 or nanocomposite*1)) or compost*5 or (environmentally adj2 friendly) or biodisintegrat*5 or bioresorb*5 or biopolymer*1 or plant-based or ((natural or microbial) near3 polymer*1) or (biologically adj2 degrad*4)or biobased or agro-polymer*1 or bioplastic*1 or bionanocomposite*1 or renewable or perishable or polylactic or polylactide or "PLA" or "PLLA" or "BOPLA" or (poly adj2 (lactic or lactide)) or ((polyhydroxy or (poly adj2 hydroxy)) adj2 (alkanoate or butyrate)) or Polyhydroxyalkanoate or Polyhydroxybutyrate or "PHA" or "PHB" or "PHBV" or (biodegradable adj1 polymer*2)) near5 (packag*3 or film*1 or sheet*1 or bag*1 or pouch*2 or (flexible adj2 packag*3) or laminate*1 or receptacle*1 or wrap*1 or carton*1 or container*1 or bottle*1 or containment) 13324 hits
5 Moisture resistance KW Full text ((((water adj2 (vapor or vapour)) or moisture or liquid*1 or water) near5 (barrier or resistant or impervious or impermeable or repellant or transmission or tight))) or (water adj2 (resistant)) or "MVTR" or (waterproof or ((water ot moisture or liquid) adj2 proof) 898853 hits
6 Moisture resistant packaging CTAB (((((water adj2 (vapor or vapour)) or moisture or liquid*1 or water) near5 (barrier or resistant or impervious or impermeable or repellant or transmission or tight))) or (water adj2 (resistant)) or "MVTR") near20 (packag*3 or film*1 or sheet*1 or bag*1 or sachet*1 or pouch*2 or (flexible adj2 packag*3) or laminate*1 or receptacle*1 or wrap*1 or carton*1 or container*1 or bottle*1 or containment) 58525 hits
7 Biodegradable and moisture resistant packaging KW KW combination query 4 AND 6 895 (415 Unique hits)
8 ECLA class for bio or photo degradable packaging Any IPC or ECLA B65D006546C 2363 hits
9 Biodegradable packaging US class US class 220DIG30 or 383001 190 hits
10 IPC or US class for biodegradable packaging Combined query 8 or 9 2532 hits
11 Liquid packaging IPCs Any IPC or ECLA B65D008572 or B65D008578 or B65D008580 or B65D007706* or B65D43* 94310 hits
12 Liquid packaging IPC with biodegradable KW Combined query 1 and 11 523 hits
13 Layered product IPC Any IPC or ECLA B32B000502 or B32B000702 or B32B001508 or B32B001509 orB32B002704 or B32B002708 or B32B002710 or B32B002712 or B32B002718 or B32B002736 or B32B003706 or B32B003724 or B29C004700 or B29C004908 or B29C005502* 393872 hits
14 Stock material or misc. article US class US class 428326 or 428058 or 428457 or 428483 or 428614 or 428334 or 428335 or 428336 or 428461 or 4280342 or 4280357 or 4284752 or 428480 or 428482 or 428216 or 428483 or 428323 or 428328 or 428349 or 428459 34342 hits
15 IPC or US class Combined query 13 or 14 418018 hits
16 Biodegdradable macromolecular compd IPC Any IPC or ECLA C08L010116 21424 hits
17 Compositions of macromolecular compounds Any IPC or ECLA C08L000300 or C08L000302 or C08L000502 or C08L006702* or C08L006704 or C08L009900 or C08L007712 97796 hits
18 Compositions of macromolecular compounds US class 527207 or 527311 or 527313 or 527314 483 hits
19 Pulp compositions IPC Any IPC or ECLA D21H002736 or D21H002730 or D21H002330 10137 hits
20 US class for degradation US class 523124 or 525938 338 hits
21 Processes for applying liquids to surfaces IPC Any IPC or ECLA B05D000300 or B05D000302 or B05D000500 68318 hits
22 Shaping and process related US class US class 264129 or 264401 or 521091 or 524445 or 229045 or 2290581 or 22912523 or 22912524 or 493108 or 493110 or 493153 or 220713 or 229404 or 156060 or 15624411 or 427250 or 4273935 14145 hits
23 Any IPC or ECLA Combined query 15 or 17 or 18 or 19 or 20 or 21 or 22 586603 hits
24 IPC or US Class and Biodeg pkg and moisture resistant KW Combined query 23 and 4 and 5 1048 (492 Unique hits)
25 Biodeg compd IPC and packaging and moisture resistant KW Combined query 16 and 3 and 5 800 (445 Unique hits)
26 Biodeg pkg Class and moisture resistant KW Combined query 10 and 5 479 (184 Unique hits)
27 Applications of disintegrable, dissolvable or edible materials Any IPC or ECLA B65D006546 9327 hits
28 Disintegrable IPC and Biodegradable and moisture resistance KW Combined query 2 and 5 and 26 716 (325 Unique hits)
29 Final combined query in English 12 or 24 or 25 or 26 or 28 2564 (1311 Unique hits)
German keyword search
1 Biodegradable KW CTAB ((biologisch ADJ2 abbaubar) or biodégradation or (biologischen ADJ2 Abbau) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbaubar) or (biologisch ADJ2 abgebaut) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbaubar) or bio-Abbau or bio-abbauenden or bio-Abbau or bio-degradierten or abbaubar or degradierung or erniedrigend or degradieren or abgebaut or biodisintegrate or biodisintegrating or biodisintegration or biodisintegratable or biodisintegrated or resorbieren or Resorption or resorbierbaren or resorbabed or resorbierenden or (bio ADJ2 Polymer) or (bio ADJ2 Polymere) or (bio ADJ2 basis) or (bio ADJ2 Kunststoff) or (bio ADJ2 Composite) or (bio ADJ2 Nanokomposit) or Kompost or umweltfreundlich or Bioresorb or bioresorbtion or bioresorbierbare or bioresorbabed or bioresorbierbare or (auf pflanzlicher ADJ2 basis) or (natürliches ADJ2 Polymer) or (natürliche ADJ2 Polymere) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbaubar) or (biologisch ADJ2 Abbau) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbauenden) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbauen) or (biologisch ADJ2 abgebaut) or Nachwachsende or Agrar-und Polymer or Biokunststoff or bionanocomposite or erneuerbaren or verderblich or (bio ADJ2 abbaubar) or (bio ADJ2 Abbau) or (bio ADJ2 erniedrigender) or (bio ADJ2 abbauen) or (bio ADJ2 abgebaut) or (bio ADJ2 zerfallen) or (bio ADJ2 zerfallenden) or (bio ADJ2 Zerfall) or (bio ADJ2 zerfallsfähig) or (bio ADJ2 aufgelöst) or (bio ADJ2 resorbieren) or (bio ADJ2 Resorption) or (bio ADJ2 resorbierbaren) or (bio ADJ2 resorbabed) or (bio ADJ2 resorbierenden) or Biopolymere or Biopolymer or mikrobiellen Polymeren or mikrobiellen Polymer or Polymilchsäure or Polylactid or" PLA" or "PLLA" or "BOPLA" or Polyhydroxy or (Poly ADJ2 hydroxy) or (Poly ADJ2 Milchsäure) or (Poly ADJ2 Lactid) or Polyhydroxyalkanoate or Polyhydroxybutyrat or (Polyhydroxy ADJ2 Alkanoat) or (Poly ADJ2 Hydroxy ADJ2 Alkanoat) or (Polyhydroxy ADJ2 Butyrat) or (Poly ADJ2 Hydroxy ADJ2 Butyrat) or "PHA" or" PHB" or "PHBV" or (biologisch abbaubaren ADJ2 Polymer) or (biologisch abbaubare ADJ2 Polymere)) 46888 hits
2 Biodegradable KW Full text ((biologisch ADJ2 abbaubar) or biodégradation or (biologischen ADJ2 Abbau) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbaubar) or (biologisch ADJ2 abgebaut) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbaubar) or bio-Abbau or bio-abbauenden or bio-Abbau or bio-degradierten or abbaubar or degradierung or erniedrigend or degradieren or abgebaut or biodisintegrate or biodisintegrating or biodisintegration or biodisintegratable or biodisintegrated or resorbieren or Resorption or resorbierbaren or resorbabed or resorbierenden or (bio ADJ2 Polymer) or (bio ADJ2 Polymere) or (bio ADJ2 basis) or (bio ADJ2 Kunststoff) or (bio ADJ2 Composite) or (bio ADJ2 Nanokomposit) or Kompost or umweltfreundlich or Bioresorb or bioresorbtion or bioresorbierbare or bioresorbabed or bioresorbierbare or (auf pflanzlicher ADJ2 basis) or (natürliches ADJ2 Polymer) or (natürliche ADJ2 Polymere) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbaubar) or (biologisch ADJ2 Abbau) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbauenden) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbauen) or (biologisch ADJ2 abgebaut) or Nachwachsende or Agrar-und Polymer or Biokunststoff or bionanocomposite or erneuerbaren or verderblich or (bio ADJ2 abbaubar) or (bio ADJ2 Abbau) or (bio ADJ2 erniedrigender) or (bio ADJ2 abbauen) or (bio ADJ2 abgebaut) or (bio ADJ2 zerfallen) or (bio ADJ2 zerfallenden) or (bio ADJ2 Zerfall) or (bio ADJ2 zerfallsfähig) or (bio ADJ2 aufgelöst) or (bio ADJ2 resorbieren) or (bio ADJ2 Resorption) or (bio ADJ2 resorbierbaren) or (bio ADJ2 resorbabed) or (bio ADJ2 resorbierenden) or Biopolymere or Biopolymer or mikrobiellen Polymeren or mikrobiellen Polymer or Polymilchsäure or Polylactid or" PLA" or "PLLA" or "BOPLA" or Polyhydroxy or (Poly ADJ2 hydroxy) or (Poly ADJ2 Milchsäure) or (Poly ADJ2 Lactid) or Polyhydroxyalkanoate or Polyhydroxybutyrat or (Polyhydroxy ADJ2 Alkanoat) or (Poly ADJ2 Hydroxy ADJ2 Alkanoat) or (Polyhydroxy ADJ2 Butyrat) or (Poly ADJ2 Hydroxy ADJ2 Butyrat) or "PHA" or" PHB" or "PHBV" or (biologisch abbaubaren ADJ2 Polymer) or (biologisch abbaubare ADJ2 Polymere)) 189035 hits
3 Packaging KW CTAB (Paket or Verpackung or Pakete or Film or Filme or Blatt or Blatter or Tasche or Taschen or Beutel or Sachets or Beutel or Beutel or (flexible ADJ2 Paket) or (flexible ADJ2 Verpackungen) or (flexible ADJ2 Pakete) or Laminate or Schichtstoff or Behalter or Behalter or wickeln or Wraps or Karton or Kartons or Container or Container or Containment) 704302 hits
4 Biodegradable Packaging KW CTAB ((biologisch ADJ2 abbaubar) or biodégradation or (biologischen ADJ2 Abbau) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbaubar) or (biologisch ADJ2 abgebaut) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbaubar) or bio-Abbau or bio-abbauenden or bio-Abbau or bio-degradierten or abbaubar or degradierung or erniedrigend or degradieren or abgebaut or biodisintegrate or biodisintegrating or biodisintegration or biodisintegratable or biodisintegrated or resorbieren or Resorption or resorbierbaren or resorbabed or resorbierenden or (bio ADJ2 Polymer) or (bio ADJ2 Polymere) or (bio ADJ2 basis) or (bio ADJ2 Kunststoff) or (bio ADJ2 Composite) or (bio ADJ2 Nanokomposit) or Kompost or umweltfreundlich or Bioresorb or bioresorbtion or bioresorbierbare or bioresorbabed or bioresorbierbare or (auf pflanzlicher ADJ2 basis) or (natürliches ADJ2 Polymer) or (natürliche ADJ2 Polymere) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbaubar) or (biologisch ADJ2 Abbau) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbauenden) or (biologisch ADJ2 abbauen) or (biologisch ADJ2 abgebaut) or Nachwachsende or Agrar-und Polymer or Biokunststoff or bionanocomposite or erneuerbaren or verderblich or (bio ADJ2 abbaubar) or (bio ADJ2 Abbau) or (bio ADJ2 erniedrigender) or (bio ADJ2 abbauen) or (bio ADJ2 abgebaut) or (bio ADJ2 zerfallen) or (bio ADJ2 zerfallenden) or (bio ADJ2 Zerfall) or (bio ADJ2 zerfallsfähig) or (bio ADJ2 aufgelöst) or (bio ADJ2 resorbieren) or (bio ADJ2 Resorption) or (bio ADJ2 resorbierbaren) or (bio ADJ2 resorbabed) or (bio ADJ2 resorbierenden) or Biopolymere or Biopolymer or mikrobiellen Polymeren or mikrobiellen Polymer or Polymilchsäure or Polylactid or" PLA" or "PLLA" or "BOPLA" or Polyhydroxy or (Poly ADJ2 hydroxy) or (Poly ADJ2 Milchsäure) or (Poly ADJ2 Lactid) or Polyhydroxyalkanoate or Polyhydroxybutyrat or (Polyhydroxy ADJ2 Alkanoat) or (Poly ADJ2 Hydroxy ADJ2 Alkanoat) or (Polyhydroxy ADJ2 Butyrat) or (Poly ADJ2 Hydroxy ADJ2 Butyrat) or "PHA" or" PHB" or "PHBV" or (biologisch abbaubaren ADJ2 Polymer) or (biologisch abbaubare ADJ2 Polymere)) near5 (Paket or Verpackung or Pakete or Film or Filme or Blatt or Blätter or Tasche or Taschen or Beutel or Sachets or Beutel or Beutel or (flexible ADJ2 Paket) or (flexible ADJ2 Verpackungen) or (flexible ADJ2 Pakete) or Laminate or Schichtstoff or Behälter or Behälter or wickeln or Wraps or Karton or Kartons or Container or Container or Containment) 317 hits
5 Moisture resistance KW Full text (Wasserdampf or Feuchtigkeit or Flüssigkeit or Wasser) near5 (Barriere or resistent or undurchlässig or repellant or wasserdicht or undurchlässig or Übertragung or eng or" MVTR") 1862 hits
6 Moisture resistant packaging CTAB (Wasserdampf or Feuchtigkeit or Flüssigkeit or Wasser) near5 (Barriere or resistent or undurchlässig or repellant or wasserdicht or undurchlässig or Übertragung or eng or" MVTR") near20 (Paket or Verpackung or Pakete or Film or Filme or Blatt or Blätter or Tasche or Taschen or Beutel or Sachets or Beutel or Beutel or (flexible ADJ2 Paket) or (flexible ADJ2 Verpackungen) or (flexible ADJ2 Pakete) or Laminate or Schichtstoff or Behälter or Behälter or wickeln or Wraps or Karton or Kartons or Container or Container or Containment) 2 hits
7 ECLA class for bio or photo degradable packaging Any IPC or ECLA B65D006546C 733 hits
8 Liquid packaging IPCs Any IPC or ECLA B65D008572 or B65D008578 or B65D008580 or B65D007706* or B65D43* 13017 hits
9 Liquid packaging IPC with biodegradable KW Combined query 1 and 8 211 hits
10 Layered product IPC Any IPC or ECLA B32B000502 or B32B000702 or B32B001508 or B32B001509 orB32B002704 or B32B002708 or B32B002710 or B32B002712 or B32B002718 or B32B002736 or B32B003706 or B32B003724 or B29C004700 or B29C004908 or B29C005502* 66562 hits
11 Biodegdradable macromolecular compd IPC Any IPC or ECLA C08L010116 3117 hits
12 Compositions of macromolecular compounds Any IPC or ECLA C08L000300 or C08L000302 or C08L000502 or C08L006702* or C08L006704 or C08L009900 or C08L007712 21768 hits
13 Pulp compositions IPC Any IPC or ECLA D21H002736 or D21H002730 or D21H002330 1711 hits
14 Processes for applying liquids to surfaces IPC Any IPC or ECLA B05D000300 or B05D000302 or B05D000500 11048 hits
15 Any IPC or ECLA Combined query 10 or 12 or 13 or 14 97385 hits
16 IPC or US Class and Biodeg pkg and moisture resistant KW Combined query 15 and 4 69 hits
17 Biodeg compd IPC and packaging and moisture resistant KW Combined query 11 and 3 and 5 5 hits
18 Biodeg pkg Class and moisture resistant KW Combined query 8 and 5 13 hits
19 Applications of disintegrable, dissolvable or edible materials Any IPC or ECLA B65D006546 2357 hits
20 Disintegrable IPC and Biodegradable and moisture resistance KW Combined query 2 and 5 and 19 10 hits
21 Final combined german query 9 or 16 or 17 or 18 or 20 305 (191 Unique hits)
French keyword search
1 Biodegradable KW CTAB (biodegradables or biodegradation or biodegrader or biodegrades or bio-degradables or bio-degradation or bio-degrader or bio-degrader or bio-degrades or degradables or degradation or degradants or degrader or degradees or biodisintegrate or biodisintegrating or biodisintegration or biodisintegratable or biodisintegrated or resorbent or resorption or resorbable or resorbabed or resorbant or (bio ADJ2 polymeres) or (bio ADJ2 polymeres) or (bio ADJ2 base) or (bio ADJ2 plastique) or (bio ADJ2 composites) or (bio ADJ2 nanocomposites) or compost or ecologique or bioresorb or bioresorbtion or bioresorbables or bioresorbabed or bioresorbing or (base adj1 de adj1 plantes) or (polymere near3 naturel ) or (polymeres near3 naturels) or (biologiquement adj1 degradable) or (biologiquement adj2 degradation) or (biologiquement adj2 degradants) or decomposent or biologiquement or (biologiquement adj2 degrades) or Biobased or agro-polymere or bioplastique or bionanocomposite or renouvelables or perissables or (bio ADJ2 degradable) or (bio ADJ2 degradation) or (bio ADJ2 degradants) or (bio ADJ2 degradent) or (Bio ADJ2 degrade) or (bio ADJ2 desintegrent) or (bio ADJ2 desintegration) or (bio ADJ2 disintegration) or (bio ADJ2 disintegratable) or (bio ADJ2 desintegre) or (bio ADJ2 resorber) or (bio ADJ2 resorption) or (bio ADJ2 resorbables) or (bio ADJ2 resorbabed) or (bio ADJ2 resorbant) or biopolymeres or biopolymere or (polymeres near3 microbiens) or (microbienne near3 polymeres) or polylactique or polylactide or "PLA" or "PLLA" or "BOPLA" or polyhydroxyles or (poly ADJ2 hydroxy) or (poly ADJ2 lactique) or (poly ADJ2 lactide) or polyhydroxyalcanoate or polyhydroxybutyrate or (Polyhydroxy ADJ2 alcanoate) or (Poly ADJ2 hydroxy ADJ2 alcanoate) or (Polyhydroxy ADJ2 butyrate) or (Poly ADJ2 hydroxy ADJ2 butyrate) or "PHA" or "PHB" or "PHBV" or (biodegradables ADJ2 polymere) or (biodegradables ADJ2 polymeres)) 102749 hits
2 Biodegradable KW Full text (biodégradables or biodégradation or biodégrader or biodégradés or bio-dégradables or bio-dégradation or bio-dégrader or bio-dégrader les or bio-dégradés or dégradables or la dégradation or dégradants or dégrader or dégradées or biodisintegrate or biodisintegrating or biodisintegration or biodisintegratable or biodisintegrated or résorbent or résorption or résorbable or resorbabed or résorbant or (bio ADJ2 polymères) or (bio ADJ2 polymères) or (bio ADJ2 base) or (bio ADJ2 en plastique) or (bio ADJ2 composites) or (bio ADJ2 nanocomposites) or compost or écologique or bioresorb or bioresorbtion or biorésorbables or bioresorbabed or bioresorbing or à base de plantes or( polymère near3 naturel )or (polymères near3 naturels) or biologiquement dégradable or biologiquement la dégradation or biologiquement dégradants or décomposent biologiquement or biologiquement dégradés or Biobased or agro-polymère or bioplastique or bionanocomposite or renouvelables or périssables or (bio ADJ2 dégradable) or (bio ADJ2 la degradation) or (bio ADJ2 dégradants) or (bio ADJ2 dégradent) or (Bio ADJ2 dégradé) or (bio ADJ2 désintègrent) or (bio ADJ2 désintégration) or (bio ADJ2 la disintegration) or (bio ADJ2 disintegratable) or (bio ADJ2 désintégré) or (bio ADJ2 résorber) or (bio ADJ2 résorption) or (bio ADJ2 résorbables) or (bio ADJ2 resorbabed) or (bio ADJ2 résorbant) or biopolymères or biopolymère or (polymères near3 microbiens) or (microbienne de near3 polymères) or polylactique or polylactide or "PLA" or "PLLA" or "BOPLA" or polyhydroxylés or (poly ADJ2 hydroxy) or (poly ADJ2 lactique) or (poly ADJ2 lactide) or polyhydroxyalcanoate or polyhydroxybutyrate or (Polyhydroxy ADJ2 alcanoate) or (Poly ADJ2 hydroxy ADJ2 alcanoate) or (Polyhydroxy ADJ2 butyrate) or (Poly ADJ2 hydroxy ADJ2 butyrate) or "PHA" or "PHB" or "PHBV" or (biodégradables ADJ2 polymère) or (biodégradables ADJ2 polymères) 569951 hits
3 Packaging KW CTAB forfait or emballage or paquets or cinéma or films or fiche or feuilles or sac or des sacs or sachet or sachets or poche or (flexibles ADJ2 forfait) or (flexibles ADJ2 emballage) or (flexibles ADJ2 paquets) or stratifiés or stratifié or réceptacle or réceptacles or emballer or enveloppements or carton or cartons or conteneurs or conteneurs or confinement 443510 hits
4 Biodegradable Packaging KW CTAB (biodegradables or biodegradation or biodegrader or biodegrades or bio-degradables or bio-degradation or bio-degrader or bio-degrader or bio-degrades or degradables or degradation or degradants or degrader or degradees or biodisintegrate or biodisintegrating or biodisintegration or biodisintegratable or biodisintegrated or resorbent or resorption or resorbable or resorbabed or resorbant or (bio ADJ2 polymeres) or (bio ADJ2 polymeres) or (bio ADJ2 base) or (bio ADJ2 plastique) or (bio ADJ2 composites) or (bio ADJ2 nanocomposites) or compost or ecologique or bioresorb or bioresorbtion or bioresorbables or bioresorbabed or bioresorbing or (base adj1 de adj1 plantes) or (polymere near3 naturel ) or (polymeres near3 naturels) or (biologiquement adj1 degradable) or (biologiquement adj2 degradation) or (biologiquement adj2 degradants) or decomposent or biologiquement or (biologiquement adj2 degrades) or Biobased or agro-polymere or bioplastique or bionanocomposite or renouvelables or perissables or (bio ADJ2 degradable) or (bio ADJ2 degradation) or (bio ADJ2 degradants) or (bio ADJ2 degradent) or (Bio ADJ2 degrade) or (bio ADJ2 desintegrent) or (bio ADJ2 desintegration) or (bio ADJ2 disintegration) or (bio ADJ2 disintegratable) or (bio ADJ2 desintegre) or (bio ADJ2 resorber) or (bio ADJ2 resorption) or (bio ADJ2 resorbables) or (bio ADJ2 resorbabed) or (bio ADJ2 resorbant) or biopolymeres or biopolymere or (polymeres near3 microbiens) or (microbienne near3 polymeres) or polylactique or polylactide or "PLA" or "PLLA" or "BOPLA" or polyhydroxyles or (poly ADJ2 hydroxy) or (poly ADJ2 lactique) or (poly ADJ2 lactide) or polyhydroxyalcanoate or polyhydroxybutyrate or (Polyhydroxy ADJ2 alcanoate) or (Poly ADJ2 hydroxy ADJ2 alcanoate) or (Polyhydroxy ADJ2 butyrate) or (Poly ADJ2 hydroxy ADJ2 butyrate) or "PHA" or "PHB" or "PHBV" or (biodegradables ADJ2 polymere) or (biodegradables ADJ2 polymeres)) near5 (forfait or emballage or paquets or cinema or films or fiche or feuilles or sac or des ADJ sacs or sachet or sachets or poche or (flexibles ADJ2 forfait) or (flexibles ADJ2 emballage) or (flexibles ADJ2 paquets) or stratifies or stratifie or receptacle or receptacles or emballer or enveloppements or carton or cartons or conteneurs or conteneurs or confinement) 779 hits
5 Moisture resistance KW Full text (((la vapeur ADJ2 deau) or (La vapeur ADJ2 deau) or humidite or liquides or de leau) near5 (barrière or resistants or impermeable or repulsif or etanche or (la ADJ2 transmission) or serres or "MVTR" )) near5 (forfait or emballage or paquets or cinema or films or fiche or feuilles or sac or des ADJ sacs or sachet or sachets or poche or (flexibles ADJ2 forfait) or (flexibles ADJ2 emballage) or (flexibles ADJ2 paquets) or stratifies or stratifie or receptacle or receptacles or emballer or enveloppements or carton or cartons or conteneurs or conteneurs or confinement) 12965 hits
6 Moisture resistant packaging CTAB (((la vapeur ADJ2 deau) or (La vapeur ADJ2 deau) or humidite or liquides or de leau) near5 (barrière or resistants or impermeable or repulsif or etanche or (la ADJ2 transmission) or serres or "MVTR" )) near5 (forfait or emballage or paquets or cinema or films or fiche or feuilles or sac or des ADJ sacs or sachet or sachets or poche or (flexibles ADJ2 forfait) or (flexibles ADJ2 emballage) or (flexibles ADJ2 paquets) or stratifies or stratifie or receptacle or receptacles or emballer or enveloppements or carton or cartons or conteneurs or conteneurs or confinement) 362 hits
7 Biodegradable and moisture resistant packaging KW KW combination query 4 AND 6 2 hits
8 ECLA class for bio or photo degradable packaging Any IPC or ECLA B65D006546C 617 hits
9 Liquid packaging IPCs Any IPC or ECLA B65D008572 or B65D008578 or B65D008580 or B65D007706* or B65D43* 12244 hits
10 Liquid packaging IPC with biodegradable KW Combined query 1 and 9 151 hits
11 Layered product IPC Any IPC or ECLA B32B000502 or B32B000702 or B32B001508 or B32B001509 orB32B002704 or B32B002708 or B32B002710 or B32B002712 or B32B002718 or B32B002736 or B32B003706 or B32B003724 or B29C004700 or B29C004908 or B29C005502* 52916 hits
12 Biodegdradable macromolecular compd IPC Any IPC or ECLA C08L010116 2618 hits
13 Compositions of macromolecular compounds Any IPC or ECLA C08L000300 or C08L000302 or C08L000502 or C08L006702* or C08L006704 or C08L009900 or C08L007712 17464 hits
14 Pulp compositions IPC Any IPC or ECLA D21H002736 or D21H002730 or D21H002330 1428 hits
15 Processes for applying liquids to surfaces IPC Any IPC or ECLA B05D000300 or B05D000302 or B05D000500 8309 hits
16 Any IPC or ECLA Combined query 11 or 13 or 14 or 15 77169 hits
17 IPC or US Class and Biodeg pkg and moisture resistant KW Combined query 16 and 4 and 5 12 hits
18 Biodeg compd IPC and packaging and moisture resistant KW Combined query 12 and 3 and 5 17 hits
19 Biodeg pkg Class and moisture resistant KW Combined query 8 and 5 16 hits
20 Applications of disintegrable, dissolvable or edible materials Any IPC or ECLA B65D006546 1811 hits
21 Disintegrable IPC and Biodegradable and moisture resistance KW Combined query 2 and 5 and 20 19 hits
22 Final combined french query 10 or 17 or 18 or 19 or 21 188 (123 Unique hits)
Japanese F Term search
1 Biodegradable materials JP F-terms 4J200BA* or 4J200EA11 10292 hits
2 Packaging KW CTAB packag*3 or film*1 or sheet*1 or bag*1 or sachet*1 or pouch*2 or (flexible adj2 packag*3) or laminate*1 or receptacle*1 or wrap*1 or carton*1 or container*1 or bottle*1 or containment 2145846 hits
3 Moisture resistance KW Full text ((((water adj2 (vapor or vapour)) or moisture or liquid*1 or water) near5 (barrier or resistant or impervious or impermeable or repellant or transmission or tight))) or (water adj2 (resistant)) or "MVTR" or (waterproof or ((water ot moisture or liquid) adj2 proof) 170855 hits
4 Moisture resistant pkg KW with Biodegradability Fterms Combined query 1 and 2 and 3 375 hits
5 Liquid packaging JP F-terms 3E035AA03 or 3E035BB06 1053 hits
6 Biodegradability KW CTAB (biodegrad*6 or bio-degrad*6 or (bio adj2 (degrad*6 or disintegrat*5 or polymer*1 or based or resorb*5 or plastic*1 or composite*1 or nanocomposite*1)) or compost*5 or (environmentally adj2 friendly) or biodisintegrat*5 or bioresorb*5 or biopolymer*1 or plant-based or ((natural or microbial) near3 polymer*1) or (biologically adj2 degrad*4)or biobased or agro-polymer*1 or bioplastic*1 or bionanocomposite*1 or renewable or perishable or polylactic or polylactide or "PLA" or "PLLA" or "BOPLA" or (poly adj2 (lactic or lactide)) or ((polyhydroxy or (poly adj2 hydroxy)) adj2 (alkanoate or butyrate)) or Polyhydroxyalkanoate or Polyhydroxybutyrate or "PHA" or "PHB" or "PHBV" or (biodegradable adj2 polymer*2)) 25128 hits
7 Biodegradability KW with liquid packaging Fterms Combined query 4 and 5 14 hits
8 Moisture resistant packaging JP F-terms 3E033CA09 or 3E060DA21 or 3E061AD03 or 3E062JD02 or 3E064BC04 or 3E065CA02 or 3E067CA07 5738 hits
9 Biodegradability KW and Moisture resistant packaging F terms Combined query 5 and 7 114 hits
10 Final combined Japanese query 4 or 6 or 8 481 (404 Unique hits)
1 Final combination of all languages search query 2933(1552 Unique hits)

Relevant Class Codes and Definitons

IPC/ECLA

Class Codes Definitions
B65D
Containers for storage or transport of articles or materials
3/22
  • Rigid or semi-rigid containers having bodies or peripheral walls of curved or partially-curved cross-section made by winding or bending paper without folding along defined lines
  • Containers with double walls
85/72
  • Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials
  • For edible or potable liquids, semiliquids or potable or plastic materials
85/78
  • For ice cream
85/80
  • For milk
B65D43*
  • Lids or covers for rigid or semi-rigid containers
65/42
  • Wrappers or flexible covers; Packaging materials of special type or form
  • Application of coated or impregnated materials
65/46
  • Applications of disintegrable, dissolvable or edible materials
65/46C
  • Bio or photo degradable packaging materials
77/06
  • Packages formed by enclosing articles or materials in preformed containers
  • Liquids or semi-liquids in flexible containers disposed within rigid containers
B32B
Layered products
15/08
  • Layered products essentially comprising metal
  • Layered products comprising metal - of synthetic resin
27/04
  • Layered products essentially comprising synthetic resin
  • As impregnant bonding or embedding substance
27/08
  • Of synthetic resin of a different kind
27/10
  • Of paper or cardboard
27/12
  • Next to a fibrous or filamentary layer
27/18
  • Characterized by the use of special additives
27/36
  • Comprising polyesters
37/06
  • Method or apparatus for laminating
  • Characterized by the heating method
37/24
  • With one layer not coherent before laminating
B29C
Shaping or joining of plastics; shaping of substances in a plastic state, in general; after- treatment of the shaped product
47/00
  • Extrusion moulding
49/08
  • Blow-moulding
  • Biaxial stretching during blow-moulding
55/02
  • Shaping by stretching, e.g. Drawing through a die; Apparatus therefor
  • Shaping by stretching through a die or apparatus therefor - of plates or sheets
55/12
  • Biaxial
C08L
Compositions of macromolecular compounds
3/02
  • Compositions of starch, amylose or amylopectin or of their derivatives or degradation products
  • Compositions of starch, amylose or amylopectin
5/02
  • Compositions of polysaccharides or of their derivatives
  • Dextran; Derivatives thereof
67/02
  • Compositions of polyesters obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic ester link in the main chain
  • Polyesters derived from dicarboxylic acids and dihydroxy compounds
67/04
  • Polyesters derived from hydroxycarboxylic acids, e.g. Lactones
99/00
  • Compositions of natural macromolecular compounds or of derivatives
77/12
  • Compositions of polyamides obtained by reactions forming a carboxylic amide link in the main chain
  • Polyester-amides
101/16
  • Compositions of unspecified macromolecular compounds
  • The macromolecular compounds being biodegradable
D21H
Pulp compositions
27/36
  • Special paper not otherwise provided for, e.g. Made by multi-step processes
  • Films made from synthetic macromolecular compounds
27/30
  • Multi-ply
23/30
  • Processes or apparatus for adding material to the pulp or to the paper
  • Pretreatment of the paper
B05D
Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces, in general
3/02
  • Pretreatment of surfaces to which liquids or other fluent materials are to be applied; After-treatment of applied coatings, e.g. Intermediate treating of an applied coating preparatory to subsequent applications of liquids or other fluent materials
  • By baking
5/00
  • Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces to obtain special surface effects, finishes or structures

US Class

Class codes Definitions
220 Receptacle
DIG30 biodegradable
383 Flexible bags
001 Biodegradable feature
428 Stock material or miscellaneous articles
326 cellulosic (wood, paper, cork, rayon etc)
58 Next to polyester, polyamide or polyimide
457 of metal
458 Next to polyester, polyamide or polyimide (e.g., alkyd, glue, or nylon, etc.)
483 Next to addition polymer from unsaturated monomers
614 Laterally noncoextensive component (embedded etc,)
334 Coating layer not in excess of 5 mils thick
335 Upto 3 mils
336 1 mil or less
461 Next to addition polymer from unsaturated monomers
475.2 Next to polyester
480 Of polyester (e.g., alkyd, etc.)
482 Of cross-linked polyester
34.2 Paper containing
35.7 Polymer or resin containing
427 Coating processes
250 metal coating
393.5 Resin, rubber or elastomer base
264 Plastic and nonmetallic article shaping or treating processes
129 Extrudant contains added organic compound
401 Stereolithographic shaping from liquid precursor
521 Synthetic resins or natural rubbers
91 Synthetic resin including a silicon atom
124 Composition containing an additive which enhances degradation by environmental stimuli or process of preparing
445 clay
938 Polymer degradation
207 With carboxylic acid or derivative reactant
311 With di- or higher ester of polycarboxylic acid; or with polycarboxylic acid or derivative and a compound containing two or more hydroxyl groups or salts thereof as reactants
313 Ethylenically unsaturated reactant
314 Unsaturated carboxylic acid or derivative reactant
229 Envelopes, wrappers, and paperboard boxes
4.5 Cylindrical or conical body or wall structure
5.81 Box material includes a coating or a nonpaperboard lamination or is permeated with a substance
125.23 Nonunitary securing element on closure engages nonunitary securing element on box (i.e., securing elements are not of one-piece construction with the box)
125.24 Threaded
404 Paperboard boxes including closure
493 Manufacturing container or tube from paper; or other manufacturing from a sheet or web
108 Manufacturing of a circular cross-section container
110 Including laminating or coating container blank
153 Noncircular cross section
229 Envelopes, wrappers, and paperboard boxes
404 Paperboard boxes including closure
156 Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
60 Surface bonding or assembly therefor
244.11 Adhesive bonding by extrusion
435 Chemistry: molecular biology and microbiology

F Term

F- TERM Description
4J200 Biological depolymerization polymers
4J200BA* Biodegradable materialsa (all F terms under this is included)
4J200EA11 Biodegradability
3E035 Packaging for living organisms, food, or medicinal products that are sensitive to environmental conditions
3E035AA03 Liquids
3E035BB06 Containers with liquid-holding units at the bottom of the container
3E033CA09 Water resistance or oil resistance
3E060DA21 Affording or improving waterproof or moisture proof characteristics
3E061AD03 Waterproof and oilproof properties
3E062JD02 Water resistance or moisture resistance
3E064BC04 Water resistance
3E065CA02 Water and oil resistance
3E067CA07 Waterproof

Relevant Patents

S. No. Patent / Publication No. Title Assignee Publication year Dolcera summary
1 US7951438 BIAXIALLY ORIENTED POLYLACTIC ACID FILM WITH HIGH BARRIER TORAY PLASTICS AMERICA INC 2011 A metallized laminate of polylactic acid with a moisture barrier property of at least 1.0 g/m2/day or better at 38oC. and 90% RH
2 US20110076511 MULTI-LAYER HIGH MOISTURE BARRIER POLYLACTIC ACID FILM TORAY PLASTICS AMERICA INC 2011 A multi-layer biaxially oriented polylactic acid film with a coating layer of aluminum for improvement in barrier properties.
3 US20100252617 BIODEGRADABLE CONTAINER FOR LIQUID AND/OR SEMI-SOLID PRODUCTS UMAGINATION LABS 2010 A liquid proof biodegradable container with lid and liner comprising of paper pulp and polylactic acid
4 US20100076099 BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERIC NANOCOMPOSITE COMPOSITIONS PARTICULARLY FOR PACKAGING UNIV MICHIGAN STATE 2010 Beverage container made of a Polymer blend of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB)
5 US20100247886 BIAXIALLY ORIENTED METALLIZED POLYLACTIC ACID FILM WITH HIGH METAL ADHESION AND HIGH BARRIER PROPERTIES TORAY PLASTICS AMERICA INC 2010 Metallized films made of amorphous and crystalline PLA with a MVTR of 1.0 g/m2/day or less

Trends and Insights

File:121224.jpg
Biodegradable materials and combination used in water resistance packaging
  • Numerical values represent the patent count
  • Circles represents different compositions
  • Lines between two circles is the patent count of biodegradable materials used in combination

Sample Analysis Sheet

Final Analysis Sheet

Click here to download the Biodegradable Packaging for Liquids Patent anal1ysis sheet

Market Research Information

For market information on Biodegradable packaging for liquids, please click here


Assignee analysis and IP activity

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Top Assignees in this technology area
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Top Assignees in Packaging Industry
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Top Assignees in Chemical Industry
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Top Assignees in FMCG Industry
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Top Assignees in Food Industry
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Geographical distribution of Patents
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Geographical distribution of Assignees
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IP activity based on Publication Year
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IP activity based on Priority Year

Interactive taxonomy

  • Use the mouse(click and drag/scroll up or down/click on nodes) to explore nodes in the detailed taxonomy
  • Click on the red arrow adjacent to the node name to view the content for that particular node in the dashboard


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Dashboard link

Biodegradable Packaging for Liquids

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  • Patents for which data is not available are analysed based on DWPI data which can not be disclosed due to legal issues.


Patent to Product Mapping

S.No. Publication No. Title Assignee Product Image
1 WO2011119222 Container with an integral lid EARTHKARE PACKAGING INNOVATIONS COMPANY Beverage Container
2 WO2009055067 Beverage container lid having liquid cooling effect COOLLID CORPORATION Cup Lid
3 US20100258574 Cellulose based recyclable container RECYCOOL, INC. cooler
4 US7854994 Barrier film PLANTIC TECHNOLOGY Sheet