Last modified on 19 January 2012, at 02:17

Antioxidants form olive waste

Objective

To create a technology landscape report on Antioxidants form Olive waste

  • Identify market players with prolific IP activity in the technology area
  • Segment the players by the industry they belong to


Note: This report is just a template and gives an indication of what the paid report contains.

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Search methodology

Search strategy 1. Various keywords are retrieved for conducting the search related to antioxidants from olive waste from pubmed mesh, relevant patents, scientific articles and thesaurus.
2. The database used for patent search is Thomson innovation.
Keywords Olive waste, By-products, Antioxidants etc.

Background

Fruit and vegetable processing has increased considerably during the last 25 years and this generates substantial quantities of waste/by-products. These wastes are often disposed of as landfill, land-spreading, or as animal feed or fertilizers. But in last few years, efficient, inexpensive and environmentally sound utilization of these materials is becoming more important and hence new methods for waste handling and treatment have been introduced in the recovery, bioconversion, and utilization of valuable constituents from food wastes.Waldron

Olive.jpg

Olea europaea L. is a typical tree widely cultivated for oil production in the Mediterranean area, they are rarely consumed as a natural fruit due to their extreme bitterness hence they are widely used for the extraction of oil Bouaziz et al.This olive oil industry generates large amounts and varieties of wastes, which remain most of potentially interesting compounds.

  • Olive oil production products Taka:
    • Olive oil (20%).
    • Semi-solid waste (30%)
    • Aqueous liquor (50%).



Oil prdts.jpg
  • Solid waste (olive oil cake (OOC) or “orujo”) is a combination of olive pulp and stones.
  • Aqueous liquor comes from the vegetation water and “alpechin" or olive-mill waste water (OMWW).
  • Two-phase processing technique in which no water is added, generates oil and a new by-product called “alperujo, alpeorujo or twophase olive mill waste” which is a combination of liquid and solid waste. Bolanos et al

Antioxidants in olive waste

During the production of olive oil 80% of the olive fruit is discarded as waste, over 10 million tons per year of solid or semisolid wastes are produced worldwide in the olive industry, whose storage and/or recycling represent a serious environmental problem due to its high content in organic matter.However these wastes are rich in polyphenols, including hydroxytyrosol Schaffer et al. Olive fruits, olive leaves, olive oil and olive mill wastewater all of them have attracted considerable attention as valuable sources of biophenols Bouaziz et al.Biophenolic fraction of olive oil comprises only 1-2% of the total phenolic content of the olive fruits, while the remaining 53% and 45% being lost in oil mill waste (OMW) and olive cake.Consequently, with more than 30 phenolic compounds, OMW is now regarded as a potent source of natural antioxidants. Taka

Oleuropein is the major secoiroid compound of unripe olive fruit and the glucoside of hydroxytyrosol is the predominant phenolic in ripe olives. Olive fruits also contain other secoiroids such as verbascoside and ligustroside. Other groups of phenolic compounds are derived from cinnamic (p-cumaric, ferulic and cafeic acid) and benzoic acids. Other phenols found in olive pulp are catechol, methylcatechol, phenylalchols (tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol), high concentrations of flavonoids and several anthocyanin pigments.The main phenolic compounds present in virgin olive oil are tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol, its secoiroids and conjugate forms (oleuropein, ligustroside, verbascoside) and lignans (pinoresinol and acetopinoresinol). During the olive oil mechanical process, the major proportion of the phenolic compounds are found in the aqueous phase, while only a minor percent (<1%) are located in the olive oil this explains why a large fraction of phenolics can be found in the alpechin and alperujo. Therefore, both residues seem to be an affordable and abundant source of natural antioxidants Bolanos et al.


Polyphenols present in different parts of olive plant
Olive2.jpg


Olive Bark Olive Branches Olive stones
Hydroxytyrosol Hydroxytyrosol Pinoresinol
Tyrosol Tyrosol Hydroxy pinoresinol
Oleuropein Oleuropein  
Ligstroside Verbascoside  
  Taxifolin  

Concept table

Title : Antioxidants from olive waste

S.No English Keywords German Keywords French Keywords
Concept One Concept Two Concept Three Concept Four Concept Two Concept Three Concept Four Concept Two Concept Three Concept Four
1 Olive Waste Antioxidant Recovery Abfall Antioxidans Erholung déchets antioxydant Récupération
2 Olea europaea L By-product Phenols Removal Nebenprodukt Phenole Entfernung Par-produit phénols suppression
3 ***** ***** ***** ***** **** ****** **** *** ****** ********
4 ******** *** ******** *** ******* ********* ****** **** **** ***********


  • An indicative list of terms to show how a concept table is generated. View paid report for complete list.
  • Concept Table was enriched by searches related to olive waste and antioxidants from pubmed mesh, relevant patents, scientific articles and various thesauri

IPC class codes

Concept Code Definition
Waste C02F Treatmentof water, waste water, sewage, or sludge
103/32
  • Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • From the food or foodstuff industry, e.g. brewery waste waters
Olive
A61K Preparations for medical, dental, or toilet purposes
36/63
  • Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof
    • Oleaceae (olive family), e.g. Jasmine, lilac or ash tree
Antioxidant<br##DeleteCell##> A61K Preparations for medical, dental, or toilet purposes
31/05
  • Medicinal preparations containing organic active ingredients
    • Phenols
Removal Process C02F Treatmentof water, waste water, sewage, or sludge
1/04
  • Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • By distillation or evaporation

US class codes

Concept Codes Definition
Waste 554
Organic compounds
554/177
Recovering from industrial waste materials
Olive 424 Drug, bio-affecting and body treating compositions
424/769 Containing or obtained from a tree having matured height of a least two meters
Antioxidant 424 Drug, bio-affecting and body treating compositions
424/725 Plant material or plant extract of undetermined constitution as active ingredient
Removal Process 210 Liquid purification or separation
210/600 processes


  • An indicative list of various class codes used for the IP search. View paid report for complete list.

Search strategy

  • Search Engine: Thomson Innovation
  • Database Coverage: US, Europe, German, Japanese and Korean applications and granted patents
  • Scope: Title, Abstract and Claims
  • Timeline  : 1900 to 2011
  • Date of search : 20/09/2011


S.No Concept Query No of Hits
1 Full keywords (Olive + Waste + Antioxidants + Removal process) Olive*** #####
2 (Olive + Waste + Antioxidants) keywords AND (Removal process) class codes Olive***
AND
C02F000100***
###
3 (Olive + Waste + Removal process) keywords AND (Antioxidants) class codes Olive***
AND
A61K003105***
####
4 (Olive + Removal process + Antioxidants) keywords AND (Waste) class codes Olive****
AND
C11B001300****
##
5 (Waste + Antioxidant + Removal process) keywords AND (Olive) class codes Waste***
AND
A61K003663****
####
6 Combined query 2 OR 3 OR 4 OR 5 ####
7 Not query 1 NOT 6 ###( Non relevant patents)
8 (Olive + Waste + Antioxidants) keywords AND (Applications) class codes Olive****
AND
A61Q***
###
9 Combined query 6 OR 8 #### (### unique hits)



Final Query

  • Year  : 1900 to 2011


S.No Scope Query No of Hits
1 Claims,Abstract and Title (English) OR (Japanese) OR (French) OR (German) #### (#### unique hits)

Interactive Taxonomy

Antioxidants from olive waste.mm

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Relevant Patents (sample set)

S.No Patent/ Publication Number Assignee/Applicant Publication Year Title Focus Summary
1 EP2338500 Phenofarm S.r.l., Romani, Annalisa, Pizzichini, Massimo 2011 Process for producing concentrated and refined actives from tissues and byproducts of Olea europaea with membrane technologies Producing powders and concentrated solutions consisting active compounds. Powder and concentrated solutions containing antioxidants (hydroxytyrosol, oleuropein etc) are extracted from olive tree residues by integrating various separtion techniques such as micro, nano filteration and reverse osmosis.
2 US20100240769 Phenoliv AB, Lund (SE) 2010 Olive waste recovery Isolation of polyphenols and dietary fibers from olive mill waste Ployphenols (PP) and deitary fibers (DF) are extracted simultaneously from olive mill waste water using solvent extraction procedure, separation of PP from DF is effected through centrifugation and precipitation process.

Sample patent analysis sheet

Assignee Analysis and IP Activity

  • Labels for all the charts below are available in the paid report.
  • The following graphs explain the placement of the different assignees in this area.
Top 20 Assignees in this area
  • The graphs given below explain the IP activity in this area over the years.
IP activity based on Publication Year


IP activity based on Priority Year


  • Geographical distribution of Patents
Geographical distribution of Patents
  • Top Cited patents
  • Patents with the maximum number of forward citations were determined and the graph shows the top 13 patents with corresponding assignees.
Top cited patents

Dashboard

  • The assignees have been categorized into following areas:
  1. Food Companies
  2. Cosmetic Companies
  3. Nutraceutical companies
  4. Pharmaceutical Companies
  5. Agriculture and veterinary nutrition Companies
  6. Chemical and Biotechnology companies
  7. Universities and Research Institutes



A data preview of the dashboard is shown below:


Dashboard data olive blured.jpg


A chart preview of the dashboard is shown below:


Dashboard olive blured.jpg


Distribution of patents between assignees

Distribution of patents based on Assignee categorization


  • Top 5 players in Food, Cosmetic and Nutraceutical Sectors:
Top 5 food Assignees
Top 5 cosmetic Assignees
Top 5 nutraceutical Assignees
Geaographical Distribution of Assignees

Patent Product Mapping

  • Some products with respect to this technology area were identified and mapped to the patents from their respective assignees.
S.NO Patent No Title Assignee Products Product Image
1 AU2007203440 Method of obtaining a hydroxytyrosol-rich composition from vegetation water Creagri Inc HIDROX
Hydro.jpg
8 JP2001026518 Preparation Composition for external use for skin DHC CO Olive Leaf Milk
Olive leaf milk.jpg


Articles Search

Search Strategy
  • Database : Scirus
  • Timeline : 1990 - 2011
  • Subject Areas : Agricultural and Biological Sciences, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Engineering, Energy and Technology,Environmental Sciences,Life Sciences, Medicine, Pharmacology.


S.No Concept Search string No of Hits
1 (Olive + Waste + Antioxidants) Keywords ("Olive*" OR "Olea europaea"*****)
And
("waste*" OR "by product*"********)
And
("antioxidant*"*****)
### (##% Relevancy)

Relevant articles

Click here to download the relevant articles sheet


  • The following graphs explain the placement of different Research Institutes and Universities in this area.


Top Research Institutes and Universities in this area




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